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Sunday, October 9, 2011

MUET 2011 grammar tips

What is it that all examiners look for be it for MUET speaking or the other papers? GOOD GRAMMAR! in fact, flawless grammar is a joy to listen to.

So you're running out of time and u need a GRAMMAR QUICKFIX.. well if you read my basic rules below & later take the grammar test... i can give u that QUICKFIX that you're in desperate need of. LOL.. so i've reblogged the rules i posted last year below. Good luck for the speaking exam ok!

>>>>>>>

GRAMMAR FIRST.
I've developed some basic rules. If you can follow it, i'm sure your writing will improve by leaps and bounds.

Firstly, you must learn (memorise) all the words in the table of tenses. There are 4 columns, all starting with 'P'.

P1 - Present tense (+s or -s) [for now, facts or habits]
P2 - Process (+ing) [takes time to complete]
P3 - Past (+ed or spelling change) [for stories that are over]
P4 - Participle (=ed, spelling change or +n) [for perfect tense and passive sentences]

Here are the common words in English according to the table of tenses.
P1 - P2 - P3 - P4
has/have - having - had - had
goes/go - going - went - gone
gives/give - giving - gave - given
chooses/choose - choosing - chose - chosen
buys/buy - buying - bought - bought
flies/fly - flying - flew - flown
sings/sing - singing - sang - sung
cuts/cut - cutting - cut - cut
puts/put - putting - put - put
becomes/become - becoming - became - become
*smiles/smile - smiling - smiled - smiled
*explains/explain - explaining - explained - explained

* if you notice P3 and P4 looks the same in smiled and explained but they are completely different meanings.
the 4 columns in Malay actually means:
p1 - sekarang
p2 - sedang (imbuhan me-)
p3 - telah
p4 - imbuhan di-
so for 'kick'
kicks/kick - kicking - kicked - kicked
is actually in Malay
tendang - menendang - telah tendang - ditendang.
Get it?

Now for the rules:

1. P1: present
1 +s, >1 -s (except for sentences that start with 'You' or 'I')

1 +s
He likes to eat. (Correct)
He like to eat. (Wrong)
>1 -s
They like to eat. (Correct)
They likes to eat. (Wrong)

1 +s
She is a prefect now. (Correct)
She was a prefect last year too. (Correct)
She are a prefect now. (Wrong)
She were a prefect last year too. (Wrong)

>1 -s
They are prefects now. (Correct)
They were prefects last year too. (Correct)
They is prefects now. (Wrong)
They was prefects last year. (Wrong)

Sometimes the verb is quite far away but the rules still apply.

1 +s
The student reading the biology book is the top student.

>1 -s
The students reading the biology book are the top students.


2. P2: Process (+ing) (imbuhan me-)
If you want to use 'ing' it cannot stand alone
It needs one of the Be5 (am/is/are/was/were)
The 5 versions of Be5 are very important words that are always lost when translating directly from Malay or Chinese as it doesn't exist in these languages.

The baby is sleeping soundly. (Correct)
The baby sleeping soundly. (Wrong)
The babies are sleeping soundly. (Correct)
The babies sleeping soundly. (Wrong)

*notice you need a combination of 2 words to make the process sentences correct!

3. P3: Past (+ed/spelling change)
There is no rule. You have to just memorise all the words in this column.

4. P4: Participle (+ed/spelling change/+n)
This is the trickiest part of English grammar.

There are 2 uses: perfect tenses and passives.

a) Perfect tenses: 3H + P4
if you see the words Has/Have/Had, it MUST be followed by P4.

3H + P4
He has eaten the cake. (Correct)
They have eaten the cake. (Correct)
The boys had eaten the cake yesterday. (Correct)
He has eat the cake. (Wrong)
They have eating the cake. (Wrong)
The boys had ate the cake yesterday. (Wrong)

b) Passive sentences: Be5 + P4 (Imbuhan di-) [kek dimakan, bukannya dia dimakan]
The cake was eaten by him. (Correct)
The cakes were eaten by them. (Correct)
The cake eaten by him. (Wrong)
The cakes eating by them. (Wrong)


Be5 + P4 (don't confuse kicked with P3)
The ball is kicked by him. (Correct)
The balls were kicked by him. (Correct)
The ball kicked by him. (Wrong)
The balls kicking by him. (Wrong)

* Passive sentences are a combination of 2 WORDS: Be5 +P4, not P3. But sometimes if the spelling it +ed, it looks like P3, but the function is actually P4.


5. Other rules:

a) to + ori
to give (correct)
to gives, to giving, to gave, to given (wrong)

b) to + be + P4
to be taken (correct)
to be take, to be takes, to be taking, to be took (wrong)

c) modals: can/cannot/may/must/mustn't/should/shouldn't/will/would etc
modals + ori
can swim (correct)
can swims, can swimming, can swam, can swum (wrong)

d) modals + be + P4
must be discussed (correct)
must be discuss, must be discusses, must be discussing (wrong)

e) by + ing
by taking the bus (correct)
by takes, by take, by took, by taken (wrong)

f) for + ing
for demonstrating (correct)
for demonstrate, for demonstrates, for demonstrated (wrong)

g)
3H + been + P2
has been taking (correct)
has been take, has been takes, has been took (wrong)
or
3H + been + P4
has been taken (correct)

* P2 is used if the process takes a long time,
P4 is used if it is a passive sentence.


NOW THAT YOU KNOW THE RULES, CHALLENGE YOURSELF AND TAKE MY GRAMMAR TEST. YOU WILL FIND THAT KNOWING THE RULES MAKES ANSWERING SO MUCH EASIER.

http://muetmyway.blogspot.com/2010/07/grammar-test.html

WELL... WHAT DO YOU THINK?

27 comments:

  1. Madam, thank you very much!!! I got many useful tips from your blog =)
    if got any grammar error in this comment, please help me to correct it ;D

    ReplyDelete
  2. can i ask...?

    the word that you just use here. "Prefect=pengawas" or "perfect"? I'm confuse with this word.

    ReplyDelete
  3. perfect tense,
    she is a prefect now.

    Why are you confused?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. there are 2 difference thing
      Pengawas and sempurna which is prefect and perfect.
      got it ?

      Delete
  4. dear mdm audrey,

    i wanna ask yo permission to use your notes for my lecture. so far yo grammar quickfix is the simplest but compact. please..... :)

    ReplyDelete
  5. thanks:))
    very useful for last minutes preparations..huhu

    ReplyDelete
  6. great...i'm preaparing for my muet now..and i think your notes help me a lot..thank you..

    ReplyDelete
  7. great assistance for me :)

    ReplyDelete
  8. madam, what's difference btwn would, will , can could, might maybe ?

    ReplyDelete
  9. 1 +s
    The student reading the biology book is the top student.

    >1 -s
    The students reading the biology book are the top students.

    can i know what this meant?

    ReplyDelete
  10. 1 +s
    The student reading the biology book is the top student.

    BM: Pelajar yang sedang membaca buku biologi itu ialah pelajar yang terbaik.

    >1 -s
    The students reading the biology book are the top students.

    BM: Pelajar-pelajar yang sedang membaca buku biologi ialah pelajar yang terbaik.

    Hope these help you, draG me to HeaRT.

    ReplyDelete
  11. thanks a lot for sharing the notes.. and for admin, bagus ba!!

    ReplyDelete
  12. thanks mdm for these 'gold' tips...
    i'm taking muet tomorrow n this is my last minutes study..:)

    ReplyDelete
  13. madam,need yr promision to share this notes with my students..........
    keningau,sabah

    ReplyDelete
  14. thanks madam..it really help me a lot..
    you're such a great teacher!!

    ReplyDelete
  15. really impressive tips! thanks :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. blogwalking from Aero at makeueasy,blogspot.com..

      Delete
  16. dear madam audrey, i would like to know, what is the criteria that the examiners look upon during the speaking test ? especially for one who get 40-45 for speaking. thank you :)

    xoxo

    ReplyDelete
  17. Wish me luck and thumbs up for Madam Audrey. Lucky i found your blog, It really help me out for my last minute stdy ^.^"

    ReplyDelete
  18. i want read more about your blog

    ReplyDelete
  19. really useful information. thank you madam.

    ReplyDelete
  20. thank you Madam!!!!!!

    ReplyDelete
  21. I really hope this will be helpful for my poor english. Thx

    ReplyDelete
  22. thank you .... thank you .... thank you :' )

    ReplyDelete
  23. thank youu so muchhh ! may God bless you madam :)

    ReplyDelete